What is IPFS and what can it store NFT Data?

IPFS (open-source hypermedia protocol) allows peer-to-peer data storage.

*Sharing made simpler
*Censorship Resistance
*Simple retrieval

IPFS is used to move data through the network and search for what you are looking for. It uses its content address, file versioning advanced features, and data structures to find what you’re looking.

The IPFS ecosystem is composed of three main steps, which are built on each other:

Step 1 – Content Addressing by Unique Identification

Users upload NFT data via IPFS and receive an IPFS haveh of the content. This is known as a Cid. CIDs, or unique identifiers/adresses of NFT information used to reference content, are unique identifiers/adresses that the users upload on IPFS.

Step 2 – Content Storage and Linking Through DAGs

IPFS is a decentralized data storage system that allows you to retrieve and store NFT data over time. IPFS’ permanence layer relies on cryptographic proofs to ensure that the NFT data remains stable and persistent over time. IPFS uses the Merkle DAG for NFT data link. It is specifically designed to represent files and directories. There are many ways to structure a Merkle DAG.

Step 3: Content retrieval via Distributed hash tables

IPFS uses distributed hash tables to locate peers hosting the NFT information. A hashtable represents a collection of keys and value. This hash tables is divided among all peers in a distributed network. The libp2p handles interactivity between peers and connectivity. The DHT is consulted by the libp2p to determine which peers keep each block. Once you’ve found the content, you can connect to it (NFT) and retrieve.

What are the best methods to store NFT information on IPFS?

1. Different types IPFS Links for Different Use-Cases

There are many different ways you can refer to IPFS data. These options are suitable for different use cases. These are just a few of the many options available.

*CID (Content-Identifier)

CIDs are self-descriptive unique identifiers that can be used to identify content no matter where it is stored. They are compressed binary files that can be stored on the network and then transferred. The following string of random-seeming symbols is used to display them to users:

*URI (Uniform Resource Identifier)

The IPFS URI Uniform Resource Identifier allows you to specify specific content within a particular context. The URI schema identifies the context. This is followed by ://).. Here, the URI scheme of IPFS is only IPFS.

*HTTP Gateway URL

These HTTP gateways provide interoperability to legacy browsers that are unable or unwilling to resolve IPFS-URIs natively. These links can be used to present an application without being stored on a Blockchain or in NFT metadata.

What is the best way to handle content in different situations?


The NFT smart deal should return an IPFS address to the assets and metadata.


It is essential to create the IPFS URI prior to casting tokens and locating them on the full URI. It means that smart contract interfaces must have URI. The ipfs:// URI Scheme makes it possible for any application to see that IPFS data remains accessible.


It is recommended that IPFS content be linked through the IPFS gateway URL and IPFS URI. This will allow users to access IPFS content. The requirement may dictate that the gateway links can be generated using either an IPFS or CID.

2. Linking Metadata and its Assets

Metadata is an integral part of NFT value. NFTs often require structured metadata to indicate the token’s properties. It is crucial to store metadata as JSON objects encoded to UTF-8-byte strings. It is preferable to store an HTTP gateway URL rather than an IPFSURI when linking to images, videos or other media. You can use gateway URLs within your application’s presentation layer.

These are the steps you need to take in order to get the linked metadata

Step 1 – Create directories for both metadata and assets.
Step 2 – Add assets to the newly created directories.
Step 3 – Add the asset list to IPFS. Note its CID.
Step 4 – Generate metadata in the directory using CID reference resources for creating IPFSURIs
Step 5 – Now add metadata directory IPFS to continue and note the CID.
Step 6 – Create an IPFSURI with the CID noted, and store it to create an owner record on the chain.

3. Data Persistence & Availability

NFT data is saved on IPFS so users can access it from any IPFS server that contains its copy. This facilitates data transfer and reduces load on one server. To assist others, the user can keep a local copy of the data after fetching it. These copies are temporary and can only be deleted by the user if they wish to pin it.


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